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How Pantyhose Are Made – Manufacturing Process

How Pantyhose Are Made is something that most of us really have never thought of, until now! First what is the actual definition of pantyhose on your body in today’s world.  Then How Pantyhose Are Made article will cover the existence of pantyhose from when they were created as a men’s garment, then the women began wearing them and made pantyhose their own in sexy nylon and spandex we know today. The machines of today you will read about on  How Pantyhose Are Made, are the same ones that make the sexy pantyhose we know of on ladies legs everywhere.

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Pantyhose are a form of sheer women’s hosiery that extend from the waist to the toes. The terms hosiery and stocking derive from the Anglo-Saxon words hosa, meaning “tight-legged trouser,” and stoka, meaning “stump” When the upper part of a trouser leg was cut off, the remaining stoka became “stocking,” and hosa became “hosiery.” For centuries, How Pantyhose Are Made sheer stockings and hose were worn as separate leg and foot coverings. However, after World War II, fashion designers began to attach panties to stockings, creating the form of hosiery currently favored by most women here on  How Pantyhose Are Made . Although their most basic purpose is to protect and beautify the feet and legs of female consumers, nylons are also put to other uses, including supporting the legs of football players and protecting crops from dust storms. Pantyhose have even been recycled in the arts and crafts industry, where they are cut up and stuffed with fiberfill to become the arms and legs of dolls and stuffed animals.

Few early references to women’s hosiery exist because any public mention of women’s legs was considered improper until the twentieth century. The first extant discussion How Pantyhose Are Made dealing with that of a garment resembling today’s pantyhose concerns the “tight-fitting hose” young Venetian men wore beneath short jackets during the fourteenth century. Made of silk, these leggings were often brightly colored and embroidered; older Venetians considered them extremely immodest. One of the earliest mentions of women wearing stockings appears in the records of Queen Elizabeth I, whose “silk woman” presented her with a pair of knitted black silk stockings. Admiring their softness and comfort and How Pantyhose Are Made , the Queen requested more, and wore only silk stockings for the rest of her life.

In 1589, when the Reverend William Lee attempted to patent the first knitting machine, Queen Elizabeth denied his request because, she contended, the coarse stockings produced by Lee’s machine were inferior to the silk hose she had shipped from Spain. Lee improved his machine, enabling it to manufacture softer stockings, but Elizabeth’s successor, James I, denied his second patent application as well, this time out of fear that the machine would endanger the livelihood of English hand knitters. After Lee’s death, his brother built a framework knitting machine that remained unrivalled for several hundred years.

When William Cotton invented the first automated knitting machine in 1864, he incorporated the key features of Lee’s design, notably the spring-beard needle that is still used in many contemporary knitting machines. Named for the fine, open hook that projects from the needle at an angle like that of the hair in a man’s beard, the spring-beard needle must be used with a pressing device to close the hook as it forms a loop. This type of needle is ideal for hosiery because it produces smaller loops and, consequently, a finer weave. Cotton’s straight-bar machine created flat sheets of fabric using a weft stitch whereby a continuous yarn was fed to needles that sewed back-and-forth horizontal rows. By increasing or reducing the number of needles used to knit different portions of a stocking, workers could vary the thickness of the garment: more needles produced thicker fabric. Stitching began at the top of the stocking with a welt, or thick strip to which women could attach garters. To accommodate

Well, now it is time to take a tour with pictures to see exactly how pantyhose are made, enjoy your trip:

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Close up of Pantyhose Knitting Machine that brings so much joy.   The modern day hose knitting machine has made many advanced  modifications throughout  the years, how pantyhose are made to the point where every stitch can be altered by computer, even designs or detailed patterns. Different weight of yarn hangs above and is introduced into the hose according to the design of the hose.

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This is a close up of a knitting machine as the yarn is being pulled into how pantyhose are made before our very eyes. The knitting needles around the circumference of the pantyhose spins and grabs the yarn at a rate of 1500rpm. This specific hose is a 7 denier weight which is a very sheer hosiery that you can actually tan through and make if very difficult for someone to notice you have pantyhose on your legs. Only one leg made at a time on how pantyhose are made and is a complete pair of pantyhose with the reinforced toe and panty already attached along with the waistband section of one half of the full pantyhose.

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Samples of every style of hosiery on how pantyhose are made ends up getting tested everyday to ensure the knitting process is within specified military standards for stretch and sizing. This makes sure that every pair of sexy shiny pantyhose quality assurance that goes on those sexy legs of yours, in your size is consistently your size.

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This specialized dedicated room houses 600 knitting machines, producing a wide variety of styles and sizes as shown here how pantyhose are made. Special settings for each type of yarn used in the making of sheer, shimmery, support pantyhose or tights, the room’s atmosphere is controlled to produce the proper characteristics of that specific style. A vacuum system runs underneath the floor to provides a negative pressure which causes a vacuum on how pantyhose are made, the machines use this effect to suck the hose downward as it is being stitched. Approximately 10 minutes is the average time for 1 hose leg to be knitted as we learn how pantyhose are made. The one legged hose is then sucked off the machine when complete and then dropped into a white canvas bag you see here and awaits transport to the next stage.

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Nylon yarn is very important when it comes to how pantyhose are made and the process is known as melt spinning. First, the chemicals involved—adipic acid and hexamethylene diamine—must be polymerized to form a thick resin that is then cut into chips or pellets. These pellets are then heated and pressurized in an autoclave into a syrupy solution. Next, the solution is extruded through a spinneret—a device that looks and works like a shower head, with long strings of nylon solution coming out of the holes in the device. The number of holes depends on the type of yarn desired: one hole produces monofilament yarn, which is very thin and sheer; several holes produce multifilament yarn, which is denser and less sheer. As the fibers emerge from the spinneret, they are cooled by air and then stretched over rollers to stabilize the molecular chains and strengthen the fibers. The yarn is then wound on spools as you can see here above.

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Once the hose is knitted, it is interesting to notice on how pantyhose are made that each leg is approximately 6 feet long depending on the style and type of yarn before it is heat treated. It then goes through a pressurized steaming oven on specialized settings depending on the size wanted. The hose is shrunk down to the proper length. This is very important process, any variation in the steam’s temperature can affect the look and fit of the hose. I guess that explains why I purchase a pair of pantyhose one time that could of fit a ten foot tall women, lol…

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The two individual hose legs are then hand placed onto the splitting/sewing machine. The panty is split down to the gusset area and prepared to be connected to make up a pair of pantyhose on how pantyhose are made.

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The seams are then sewn to make up the panty and a gusset is added later if the style calls for it

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The toe area whether reinforced or sheer are now stitched and trimmed.

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The lace used in stockings is made off site from a lace manufacturer on how pantyhose are made. If they are stay-ups then a second manufacturer would place the silicone onto the lace. It comes in rolls and is hand cut to the appropriate length.

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The lace on how pantyhose are made is then hand sewn onto the leg. This accounts for the noticeable higher price of lace top stockings as compared to the same style of hosiery in sheer or control top pantyhose.

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Once the stitching process is finished on how pantyhose are made, they are then placed into large washing machines to cleanse the hosiery material. Lubricants are added to the yarn to aid in the knitting and stitching process. The dye is then added in the same machines. The hose is then fed through a large microwave oven via conveyor belt to completely rid it of moisture.

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How pantyhose are made to have that perfect shade you want through pantyhose dye mixing  The powered dye is proportion mixed by computer programed scales. The dye has to be exact to produce a shade that is consistent from pair to pair. Did you know that the favorite shade among men worldwide to see on a womans legs is shiny or shimmery suntan?

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Pantyhose Shade Testing  Some samples are pulled after the drying process to ensure the shades are consistent to the original shade. Different colors of light makes sure that shade is the right color. When you have a particular shade that you want to wear on your legs in the daytime you want that shade to be the same.

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How pantyhose are made ready for packaging  is broken down into one of two steps. After the drying process, which only takes seconds,  the pantyhose is then moved to the pressing room. The hose is placed in front of a light to check for snags or holes. This particular press is a semi-boarding process. The hose is pressed flat and folded into a tube sock shape.

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Most of the higher end styles are put through a high temperature steam chamber that actually shapes the hose in the form of a sexy curvacious leg. This is called full boarding where the end result makes for a better fitting hose and thus increases the cost of the hose as well.

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How pantyhose are made when it comes to packaging is  split up  into two different possible processes. First your regular completed pair of pantyhose are packaged by machine.

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Second process  is usually the higher end hosiery styles need to be packaged by hand due to the type of packaging and the construction of the hose.

How Pantyhose Are Made 19Here are some of the testing equipment and guages found in the quality control area that are used to ensure proper fit and stretch qualities.

If you want to see the above information in a video presentation then just click on the video below after you grab soemthing to drink:

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Also you can take the time to check out wearing pantyhose in an everyday lifestyle below. Pantyhose these days are made in various styles to accomodate season, temperature and setting.


2 Responses to “How Pantyhose Are Made – Manufacturing Process”

  1. Seamless says:

    Thank you for posting this! I had seen this episode of How It’s Made a while back and forgot about it. Great to have this captured for the subject on your website. 🙂 There’s a growing amount of hosiery information making its way to the web, and your will no doubt play an important part in that. Thanks again!

  2. HEATER says:

    Good work writing this. I recently wrote something along these lines for a new squidoo lens. My sister, who is a avid blogger, saw this article and mentioned that I might be interested because of the similarities to mine. Since it is related I will bookmark this blog for future references.

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